Monday, May 25, 2020

The Gangs in los Angeles California - 2967 Words

Executive Summary Security has always been of major concern in many institutions across the world. This is perhaps because the success of many activities is highly dependent on the security that they associate themselves with. This report focuses on the gangs in Los Angeles, California. This task in this region has been mandated upon the Los Angeles Police Department, popularly referred to as the LAPD. The major stakeholders are the competent and highly qualified staff members within the department who have the necessary capacity to deal with the violent criminal gangs. The main problem that is targeted is the eradication of the criminal gangs within the region. This is through the elimination of illegal firearms, elimination of drive-by shootings and enactment of anti-graffiti laws which promote the gang activities. The graffiti have been shown by recent research to portray the gang territories. Societal Problems Of great concern is the revelation that up to 37% of households possess firearms, whether licensed or not. The California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention (STEP) Act is aimed at eliminating criminal gang conduct by focusing upon patterns of criminal gang activity and the organized nature of street gangs. The Penal Code provides that: 1. Participation in a criminal street gang with knowledge that its members engage in criminal activity is punishable as either a misdemeanor or felony. 2. Conviction for a crime or public offense which was committedShow MoreRelatedThe Crips Street Gang Essay552 Words   |  3 PagesThe Crips Street Gang How has the Crips Street Gang evolved since the 1960’s? Gone are the days when battles were over community control, when loyalty meant self- determination, not self destruction. In the 1980’s crack cocaine became a major source of income for many African – American gang members in Los Angeles. Gangs were faced with intra-conflict old codes of conducts versus laissez-faire attitudes of the younger gang members. Gang violence increased as many capitalized on thisRead MoreGangs Have A Long Negative History Essay1479 Words   |  6 PagesGangs have a long negative history. Usually joining a gang is a bad thing to do. Well depending what kind of gang it is, but most of the time it’s been viewed like a violent or a rebellion act. Gangs have had an impact in society for a long time in many different places in the world, and there are a lot of types of gangs. They impact society by increasing the rates of murders, school drop outs, and drug and alcohol abuse. There are many reasons why people join gangs. Some people might join a gangRead More Judy Bacas Murals Essay1680 Words   |  7 Pageshas contributed an unaccountable amount to the mural movement in Los Angeles. She has accomplished this by giving individuals the chance to create art and develop a sense of pride, she has taught younger generations a respect for their ethnic identity, and from the many walks of life that continue to view her work in everyday places she has encouraged social change. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Judy Baca graduated from California State University, Northridge in 1969. This was a time when very fewRead MoreThe Negative Impact of Gangs on Oklahoma1247 Words   |  5 Pages The large negative impact on Oklahoma that gangs have caused resulted in a change in our state. In all fifty of the United States, more types and groups of gangs are committing more crimes and illegal activity. Gangs have significantly impacted Oklahoma by increasing violence, homicides, and drug trafficking, and something must be done. The amount of people affiliated with gangs is rapidly increasing. Oklahoma authorities say that gangs are an urban problem. In a report in the year 2010, studiesRead MoreGangs and Injunctions1330 Words   |  6 PagesGangs and Injunctions Criminal activities and gangs have mostly always been an on going problem in the United States. Gangs and gang members are frequently involved with a variety of different crimes. The 2008 National Youth Gang Survey reported that there are approximately 774,000 active gang members in the United States (Egley, Howell, Moore, 2010). The 2008 National Youth Gang Survey also states that there are about 27,900 active gangs in the United States (Egley et al., 2010). The activeRead MoreZoot Suit Riots Essay1406 Words   |  6 PagesTrial held some of those insecurities with humanity by its unwillingness to look past racist ideas and prejudices. As a result of this case and its outcome the Zoot Suit riots happened in Los Angeles on May 31,1943 and in this event servicemen and Pachuco youth were against each other through acts of violence (California). The Sleepy Lagoon Trials and Zoot Suit Riots are connected through the injustices of the judicial system and the need to reform in racial pr ofiling with the spark by racism, socialRead MoreRacial Tension And Civil Unrest1685 Words   |  7 PagesAs diverse as the city of Los Angeles is, it has a history of racial tension and civil unrest. From 1910, the start of the Mexican Revolution and World War I when President Theodore Roosevelt instituted the â€Å"brown scare† (Coerver, 2001), to 1913, when the California Alien Land Act prohibited Japanese immigrants and citizens of Japanese descent from owning land in California, to 1934, when 3000 Chinese immigrants were displaced to make way for Union Station, to 1942, when 110,000 Japanese AmericansRead MoreSocial Movements Created by Mexican Americans1447 Words   |  6 PagesCalloway had inspired many of the young African Americans and Hispanics during his performances, which later changed to a form of expression on individuality, freedom and rights. During the 1940’s, many Mexican Americans moved into the city of Los Angeles, the city that was established by their ancestors. Though, there were harsh discriminations In the Mexican communities, were taught as second-class citizens in America, because of their low paying agriculture or labor jobs. Mexicans still keptRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie End Of Watch 733 Words   |  3 PagesAyer did amazing job in both directing and script writing. Ayer is perhaps more known as the director to Training day. He is a proven writer, his previous movies. Leading actors Jake Gyllenhaal and Michael Pena play Taylor and Zavala are tow Los Angeles cops. After working together for many years, they become brothers instead of partners, and they also patrol a tough largely populated Mexican neighborhood. They person in charge of casting couldn’t cast a better due then Gyllenhaal and Pena. TaylorRead More The Watts Riots Essay1381 Words   |  6 Pagesbuilt up tension and anger, ready to crush and destroy whatever stands in their way of their demonstration. Central Los Angeles, California was blown away by one of those demonstrations. It was the worst urban riot since the 1943 disturbance in Detroit (Bradley 896). According to reports, the Los Angeles riot all started on the evening of August 11, 1965: Two white California Highway Patrol Officers pursued a weaving automobile for six blocks before stopping and arresting the driver, twenty-one

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Self Assessment Of Leadership Behavior - 884 Words

As I reflect back on my Air Force career, especially my current duty position as the Section Chief of the Small Air Terminal at Hill Air Force Base. I realized that I am a Management by Exception-Active (MBE-A) this came to me after I reviewed my Electronic Self-Assessment of Leadership behavior. At my current assignment I keep my subordinates and processes in control and I enforce all the Air Force standards as well as local policies in my organization. When it comes to the mission I avoid unnecessary risks and always ensure the mission is complete. My goal for the next three to five years is to improve my leadership effectiveness and become a transformational leader using the five most valuable concepts I learned in Course 15. These concepts are avoiding conflict, cognitive flexibility, communication, subordinate-centered communication and mediation. The first step to achieving my goal of becoming a transformational leader is for me to be a more assertive and active leader in my unit. In order to reach that, I need to stop my avoidance of conflict. This is going to take me voicing my opinion as well as challenging any decisions made from my supervisor that could potentially impact my section negatively and I will also encourage my subordinates to do the same. This is going to allow me to analyze all the current processes and streamline them as I see fit, without being afraid of getting into conflicts with my leadership and peers. This will help me with myShow MoreRelatedLeadership Self Assessment : Current And Aspired Leadership Behavior2726 Words   |  11 Pages Leadership Self-Assessment Current and Aspired Leadership Behavior I am a very goal oriented person and will help people to achieve my goal or theirs if I can. Everything I do is because of a goal that was set either by myself or by a situation. I’ve had many times in my life where that has served me well, but at times it has also created a moment of loss of understanding. I have many different leadership roles in my life. I have been a Site Coordinator for a VITA (Volunteer Income Tax Preparation)Read MoreUnderstanding Human Behavior1257 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Understanding Human Behavior: As a critical aspect for many organizations, the study of human behavior and the interactions between people and the organization is usually described as organizational behavior since its mainly geared towards understanding and forecasting human behavior. For organizational leaders, understanding human behavior is a critical skill that has direct impacts on the success of the organization. Therefore, the ability of an organizational leader to be successful is closelyRead Moreself assessement Essay1227 Words   |  5 Pages CONTENT 1. UNDERSTANDING HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN AN ORGANISATION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definition of human behavior 1.3 The importance of understanding human behavior to an organization 1.4 The importance of understanding human behavior by leaders 1.5 Leadership self-evaluation/self-assessment 1.6 The benefits of self- assessment/self-evaluation to leaders today. 1.1 INTRODUCTION Organisations are made up of people and people are a huge asset to anyRead MoreUnderstanding Human Behavior Is Critical to Organizations - Discuss the Benefits of Self Evaluation/Self Assessment as It Relates to Leaders Today.1208 Words   |  5 PagesHuman Behavior is critical to organizations - discuss the benefits of self evaluation/self assessment as it relates to leaders today. Effective leadership is one critical aspect for organizations today. Pursuing high levels of effective leadership, leaders need to measure their skills and capabilities against different leadership dimensions. This will help leaders to spot dimensions that need enhancement and others that need development. This paper will discuss the benefits of leader’s self-assessmentRead MoreSelf-Evaluation and Assessment in Contemporary Leadership1397 Words   |  6 PagesSelf Evaluation and Assessment in Contemporary Leadership What makes a good leader? Is it the ability to execute tasks, or manage teams? There are seriously a myriad of answers to such questions. Yet, one notable answer is the ability to learn from ones mistakes and use effective self-evaluation and assessment in order to increase overall performance. Self assessment is a fundamental character found within effective leadership because it invokes continual learning, ensures positive rises inRead MoreA Discussion Of Conscious Leadership1180 Words   |  5 PagesIn this discussion of conscious leadership, I present leadership theories. I emphasize the role that emotional intelligence plays in conscious leadership. A summary of a series of assessments and an analysis of the results highlights the values, attitudes, behaviors and approaches I have within groups and the organization. More importantly, the assessments and discussion on conscious leadership serves as direction to be an effective leader. Conscious leaders are aware of the world around them. TheRead MoreLeadership As A Leader?1348 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction The term leader and the concept of leadership are used in virtually every aspect of human life. We are captivated by leaders and leadership to the point of obsession. Consider our fascination with business leaders such as Warren Buffet, Sir Richard Branson or Steve Jobs. Do a Google search for movies on Steve Jobs and the results will include several documentaries and feature films over a twenty year period. Our lives are filled with guidance, suggestions and direction from leaders suchRead MoreSelf Assessment of Leaders806 Words   |  4 PagesHuman Behavior is critical to organizations – discuss the benefits of self evaluation/self assessment as it related to leaders today. Without a complete set of knowledge understanding human behavior will be a great challenge to well conduct an organization. Organizations are composed of individuals with different traits, values, motives and perceptions. This situation makes understanding Human Behavior in the management of organization as a full activity of leaders in their day to day self assessmentRead MoreImportance of Self-Assessment in Leadership Roles1078 Words   |  4 PagesLeadership is based on a complex interaction between the leader and the existing social and circumstantial environment, i.e. the current team and project characteristics. With continuous changes in team and project structure, the leader is expected to modify his/her efforts accordingly in order to ensure efficiency and success. Therefore, leaders find themselves in a never-ending learning experience during which adjustments in leadership style will not only be required, but will have to be soughtRead MoreLeadership Is A Construct Used To Define The Relationship1725 Words   |  7 PagesLeadership is a construct used to define the relationship between leader s and followers including the skills and behaviors that make an effective leader. Transformational leadership is an approach to leadership that focuses on the emotional and social interaction with followers; it is categorized as being influential, inspirational, and intellectually stimulating. (PSU, L1, P5.). Transformational leadership is the desired approach to being an effective leader. Like any skill, the way to obtain

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Informative Speech Presentation Of Self - 1698 Words

Journal #2 – Lesson 18 – Presentation of Self in Everyday Life The ‘Presentation of Self’ reading lead to a lot of interesting discussion in class about how much of a person’s personality is actually their own and how much of it is just being made up as we go in order to fit in or to appear how we want others to see us. In many ways it is similar to the organizations as theater concepts, not surprisingly, but it also has a much larger emphasis on the actual thought processes of individuals as opposed to how a leader or organization member might act in order to achieve a goal. Presentation of self has a lot to do with creating a positive image of oneself and avoiding a negative one, tying in well to the previous lesson readings on organization citizenship and achieving desired images. Much like the sentiment of a few members of the class, I personally felt that it was more peculiar for someone to go so out of their way to appear in a certain light t o other people. After reviewing the additional readings, I didn’t view it so negatively because in many situations it does take a degree of theatrics to make an organization or relationship run smoothly. The impression management techniques are surprisingly prevalent in any organization once they are recognized and, while they seem shallow, it is often necessary to use such techniques to create an environment where goals are accomplished in order and with more efficiency. The example of the teacher and mental institutionShow MoreRelatedSpeech Preparation Essay586 Words   |  3 PagesSpeech Preparation Reflection Alicia Ramos COM/110 April 25, 2016 Linda Price Speech Preparation Reflection The best way to prepare for a presentation, one must consider the best method, the type of presentation and the audience for a given topic. There are four different types of presentation methods they are; Impromptu, Extemporaneous Speaking, Using a Manuscript, and Memorization. Each of the four methods is appropriate in certain situations. Impromptu is a speech that frequently involvesRead MoreInformative Speech1497 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ORGC 201 Informative Speech Assignment Create a 5-6 minute presentation using PowerPoint visuals. Make sure your PowerPoint follows the guidelines discussed in class. The purpose of the presentation should be to inform the audience. Your presentation should reflect a topic, theme, or issue relevant to your major. For ideas of topics, you may consider looking at issues of Crains’ Chicago, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, The New York Times, The Chicago Tribune,, TheRead MorePublic Speaking Reflection898 Words   |  4 Pages Like some people, public speaking is not my forte. When I enrolled in speech communication class, I believed that this class will be a great opportunity for me to improve on one of my biggest weaknesses, and at the end, which I believe has successfully improved on. From delivering the speeches in class and also being a listener to speeches of other members of the class has been an interesting experience. When I initially began this class, I had little knowledge on wha t is in store aside from thatRead MorePersonal Progression of Public Speaking Essay1143 Words   |  5 Pagespublic speaking ability. Many students, including myself, walk into a speech class thinking that it will be the Easy A of the semester and quite frankly I devoted a good amount of time and hard work to earn my A’s and B’s for this course. Overall, my public speaking growth in terms of listenability were influenced by the following: the strategy keys in correctly engaging the audience; the structure keys appropriate for a speech versus a paper; the support keys by continually engaging the audience;Read MoreOvercoming Speech Anxiety1091 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Overcoming Speech Apprehension Introduction Getting up in front of a group any group, of any size can be intimidating for any person unaccustomed to public presentation. What are the best ways to overcome being apprehensive in a speaking assignment? There are several ways and many suggestions available in the literature, and this paper offers some of those suggestions and solutions. Fighting Stage Fright (also known as Speech Apprehension) Carter Brey, who a few years ago was appointed theRead MoreInformative Speech On Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder1420 Words   |  6 Pages Planning for the Informative Speech with Analysis Speech Topic: To inform my audience of the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of Generalized anxiety disorder Rhetorical Purpose: To inform my audience about . . . Their own mental profile and how to recognize the symptoms so they can help themselves and others around them Audience Analysis: (Refer to chapter on Audience Analysis) (RU Core Goal: a) Summarize Audience demographics, prior exposure/knowledge, common ground/interest, disposition/attitudeRead MoreThe Importance of Public Speaking Skills in University Lecturing1493 Words   |  6 Pageslimited to the field of university lecturing, the communication topic of public speaking and the sub topics of preparation, visual aids and nonverbal skills. 1.3 Scope and Methodology This report identifies and assesses the importance of effective presentations in the field of education and more specifically university lecturing. Public speaking is defined and the benefits and challenges of the sub-topics preparation, visual aids and nonverbal skills are systematically analysed. Peer reviewed academicRead MoreSpeech Critique : Critique And Critique782 Words   |  4 PagesSpeech Critique (Self-Critique=2 x 25 Possible Points) (Peer Critique=25 Possible Points) For the process and informative speeches you will view the video of your presentation and critique yourself. Your responses to the questions below will be submitted to the D2L dropbox as a MS Word file by the date designated on the syllabus for each speech. You will use the same questions for your peer critique. When answering questions, answer in complete sentence form, check spelling/grammar, and useRead MoreFinal Exam Review1463 Words   |  6 Pagesrecent, reliable) Appreciative: beauty of message, speaker eloquence, aesthetics 4. Disruptions to speech process (interference) †¦ know what the external barriers are to listening, and what the internal barriers are to listening †¦ which are the greater barriers (internal or external)? External Barriers: Physical noise, message problems (confusing language/poor organization), presentation problems Internal Barriers (GREATER BARRIERS): Inattentiveness, bad habits, receiver apprehension, triggerRead MoreThe World Of Urban Planning1208 Words   |  5 PagesPreparation is confidence and the Aviation Public Meeting seems to have prepared admirably. Confidence oozed from the members as they came equipped with programs, sign in sheets, and a team that were happy to help with questions before and after the presentation. The meeting officials provided everything that would be needed for a first time patron, as they cared for even the minuscule details such as providing water and snacks or, more importantly, the awareness behind having a 15 minute meet and greet

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cigarette smoking is the greatest preventable caus Essay Example For Students

Cigarette smoking is the greatest preventable caus Essay pope of disease and premature death in the United States. Secondhand smoke causes numerous lung cancer deaths annually. Measures have been taken in both workplaces and public places to limit exposure to secondhand smoke. The economic cost of smokers to society is phenomenal. It includes monetary costs, lost workdays and shortened work lives. Many states are establishing and maintaining comprehensive tobacco-control programs to reduce tobacco use. They provide education to our youth to prevent them from ever starting and smoking cessation programs for individuals that currently wish to stop smoking. Education and support are known ways to eventually prevent smoking in the future. Efforts to increase the public perception of the harmful effects of tobacco must utilize a comprehensive approach that affects policy development, education strategies and health care systems. Smoking is becoming more and more unfashionable as time goes on. There are many studies conducted showing that secondhand smoke is a health hazard to both the smoker and anyone that relies on the same air supply, not to mention the unpleasantness and discomfort it causes those that do not smoke. The Environmental Protection Agency reports that it is estimated that secondhand smoke that emerges from exhaling and burning cigarettes causes approximately 3,000 lung cancer deaths and 37,000 heart disease deaths in nonsmokers each year. (Nolo, 2002). According to a 1998 Gallop poll, 94% of Americans, including both smokers and nonsmokers, agree that companies should either ban or restrict smoking to properly ventilated areas. Another Gallop poll indicates that 95% of nonsmokers, and 69% of smokers, think Californias ban on smoking in almost all workplaces is positive. Some companies are now refusing to hire anyone who admits to smoking on a job application because of higher healthcare insurance, absenteeism, unemployment insurance and workers compensation insurance associated with these individuals. (Nolo, 2002). Those that do not smoke feel it is an infringement of what they consider to be a reasonable right not to have to breath other peoples cigarette smoke while at work. During the 1970s the dangers of secondhand smoke were beginning to amass and a movement for nonsmokers emerged. When it was proven that secondhand smoke was harmful to nonsmokers who inhale it passively, (Koop, C. Everett et al. 1996), the public became less tolerant of smoking in the workplace as well as public places. Exposure to tobacco smoke remains a health hazard that is completely preventable. Many state and local laws for clean indoor air reduce but do not eliminate nonsmokers exposure to secondhand smoke and smoking bans appear to be the most effective method of reducing exposure to secondhand smoke.Although there are no federal laws that directly control smoking in the workplace, (Nolo, 2002) many city and county ordinances ban smoking in the workplace. On the other hand, half of the states make it illegal to discriminate against those who smoke during non-working hours. However, many states protect employees from unwanted smoke on the job. Workplaces nationwide have gone smoke free to provide clean indoor air to protect employees. Tobacco smoke contains thousands of different chemicals (ASH, 2001) know to be carcinogens (cancer causing substances) that are released into the air as particles or gases. To date, workers have been awarded unemployment, disability and workers compensation benefits for illness and loss of work due to exposure to secondhand smoke. Twenty states and the District of Columbia limit smoking in private worksites and forty-one states and the District of Columbia have laws restricting smoking in state government buildings. In 1997, President Clinton signed an executive order requiring federal buildings to become smoke-free. Simply separating smokers and nonsmokers within the same airspace reduces, but does not eliminate, exposure of nonsmokers to secondhand smoke. California banned smoking in public places in 1998 and recently both the Delaware State Senate and House of Representatives passed Senate Bill 99, making Delaware one of very few states in the nation to enact a comprehensive and landmark smoking ban that includes restaurants and bars. Governor Ruth Ann Minner signed the bill into law on May 31, 2002 and the bill will become effective on November 27, 2002. .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 , .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .postImageUrl , .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 , .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3:hover , .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3:visited , .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3:active { border:0!important; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3:active , .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3 .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ucf6b7dc23fc3b4be3c6d5e923f91f8a3:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Human Evolution Essay (State of Delaware, 2002). When a bill of this nature becomes effective, it should eliminate the need of local governments to enact workplace-smoking restrictions within their jurisdictions. Many smokers agree that the restrictions on smoking are reasonable and even helpful as smokers try to quit or cut down on their smoking. Some have questioned if common courtesy would resolve the smoking problem and, if that were the case, we would not need any laws at all. However, people can be discourteous and inconsiderate and nonsmokers should not have to ask total strangers to stop smoking for exposure to a healthy environment. Once the Government passes such a law, a considerable amount of money and time is spent developing the regulations and determining the penalties, fines and actions against repeat offenders. It needs to be determined who will decide the amount of the fines, what the cost of the fines will actually be and who will be responsible for enforcing the law. There are many ways to educate individuals who currently smoke with regard to prevention and support. As a result of the health and economic consequences of cigarette smoking, states are establishing and maintaining comprehensive tobacco-control programs to reduce tobacco use among youth. There are seven recommendations for school health programs to prevent tobacco use and addiction. They include developing and enforcing a school policy on tobacco use, providing instruction regarding the short and long-term negative effects and social consequences of tobacco use, tobacco use prevention education in kindergarten through 12th grade, in which should be most intensive between junior high or middle school and then reinforced in the high school years, provide education to the teachers, involve parents and families in support of school-based tobacco prevention programs, support cessation efforts for students and teachers who use tobacco and assess the tobacco use prevention program regularly. Most of the United States public strongly agrees with policies that help prevent youth from starti ng in the first place. (MMWR. 1994). Cigarette smoking as well as smokeless tobacco use are always almost started and established during adolescence. The tobacco industry spends approximately $4 billion per year to promote and advertise cigarettes. Current research shows that universal tobacco promotion creates the perception that more people smoke than actually do, and it attempts to project that smoking is cool. Cigarettes smoking among our youth have not declined over the past decade and 28 percent of the nations high school seniors currently smoke cigarettes. Preventing cigarette smoking among our youth is the means in which to end the epidemic of tobacco use in the United States. Lee, P. (1994). According to the Centers for Disease Control (MMWR, 1994) 83% of current smokers wish they did not smoke and nearly one-third of all smokers quit for at least one day each year. 93% of smokers who try to quit start smoking again within one year. There are many medications to help those that want to quit smoking. They include oral medications, nicotine gum, a nicotine inhaler, nicotine nasal spray or a nicotine patch. Most can benefit from using a medication and all of these medications can as much as double ones chances of quitting and quitting for good. There are three treatment categories for smokers that clinicians should consider when determining a strategy. First, those who smoke cigarettes and are willing to quit should be treated using the 5 As (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange). Secondly, those that smoke cigarettes but are unwilling to quit should be treated with the 5 Rs motivational intervention (Relevance, Risks, Rewards, Roadblocks, and Repetition). Thirdly, those who have recently quit using tobacco should be provided relapse prevention treatment. Studies have shown that the five keys for quitting include getting ready, getting support, learning new skills and behaviors, getting medication and using it properly and be prepared for relapse or difficult situations. (U. .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 , .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .postImageUrl , .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 , .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78:hover , .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78:visited , .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78:active { border:0!important; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78:active , .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78 .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uac4dbad0e795bd9ae7067d1ca1018b78:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Diary Of Anne Frank EssayS. Public Health Service, 2000). The costs to both society and individuals that smoke are phenomenal. Approximately 60% of the direct health cares costs in the United States are used to treat tobacco

Monday, March 9, 2020

Summary of Mike Rose Essays

Summary of Mike Rose Essays Summary of Mike Rose Essay Summary of Mike Rose Essay Mike developed an interest in psychology early in life. Mike attended college where he studied social and physiological sciences and taught for a period often years. Mike describes cultural beliefs such as; intelligence being a measure of ones level of education, or a Job title defining a persons intellect. Our culture would have us believe a physically demanding Job to require less intelligence. Mike recalls his mother, Rosier Rose, at work in a local restaurant. Observing customers actions and DOD language allowed Rosier to recognize a customers dissatisfaction with a meal or need for some additional item. Rosier could multi-task, communicate orders in short form and created her own memory strategy so she could remember individual orders. The physical aspect of the Job was tasking to Rosier so she worked smarter, grouping Jobs and eliminating wasted time. Mikes observations of his mother at the work, to him, defined the adult worker. Joe, Mikes uncle, dropped out of school in the ninth grade and started work for the railroad. He Joined the navy, returned to the railroad, and later Joined his brother at General Motors. Joe was very good at recognizing problems and developing solutions to correct them. Joe relates the shop floor to being at school, a continuous learning environment. Joe became foreman and got promoted to supervisor of the paint and body department. Joe found ways to improve the efficiency and developed a new spray nozzle design. To ease the stress associated with the repetitive activities, Joe implemented Job rotation. For eight years, Mike studied the thought process of workers such as Rose and Joe. Mike recognized the use of creative thinking and its affect on the worker. Mike describes how easily we can overlook the remarkable cognitive abilities of the blue collar worker. Mikes study of the workers brings to light many activities, mental and physical, not typically associated with occupations we believe to be menial. Clearly, intelligence and cognitive ability cannot be defined by a title or Job function.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Marsh's Metals Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Marsh's Metals - Case Study Example By choosing this alternative, the company can maximize their possible profit to about $51,250,000 (or more) as against selecting the alternative to sell the rhenium to Fleishman and making a possible profit of $45,000,000 (or more). Marsh’s Metals, a privately held metals broker in Prescott Florida, has acquired 10,000 kilograms1 of partially refined rhenium ore (Re) from the Niger government for $8,000 per kilogram. Bob Marsh, the owner of Marsh’s Metals, estimates that he would be able to sell all the ore for $12,000 or more per kilogram. Bruce Fleishman Jr., president of the Fleishman Refining Company based in Walla Walla (WA), who is an old friend with whom Bob Marsh has done business in the past, has contacted him about purchasing 5,000 kilograms of rhenium ore for his specialty metals company. Bruce has offered a $1,000 premium per kilogram over the normal $12,000 Bob is asking for the ore. At about the same time Huffman Smelter and Minerals from San Antonio TX called to order 4,500 kilograms of the rhenium ore for their immediate needs and are willing to pay $14,500 per kilogram for the ore. He is leaning on selling to Fleishman because he is a repeat customer at a 70% probability, but could be convinced to sell to Huffman if the monetary figures work out. Bob has two alternatives, sell the 5,000 kilograms rhenium to Fleishman or 4,500 kilograms to Huffman, and then later sell the remaining ore on the open market. Bob wants to maximize his profit by choosing an alternative. A Precision tree is constructed for the given scenario using two possible alternatives, sell the rhenium to Fleishman or to Huffman, and sell the remaining ore on the open market. The branch with the maximum Expected Monetary Value (EMV) will determine the possible alternative. Marsh’s Metals has two alternatives, sell to Fleishman or to Huffman. This